Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome affects a woman’s reproductive organs, meaning it affects the menstrual cycle, fertility hormones, and physical appearance. Typically women with polycystic ovaries have high levels of male hormones called androgens. Women make them too, just some produce too much.
Although the cause isn’t completely clear. Insulin is thought to be linked to polycystic ovaries. Many women with polycystic ovaries have too much insulin. Excess insulin increases androgen levels.
Symptoms of polycystic ovaries include; infertility, irregular or missed periods, increased hair growth, cysts on the ovaries, acne, male pattern baldness, pelvic pain, anxiety and sleep apnea.
Infertility occurs when the ovary doesn’t make all of the hormones needed to ovulate. When the hormone progesterone is absent, it can cause an irregular or absent period.
Without a cure, the only option is management. There are a few options on the best way to maintain polycystic ovaries, one being lifestyle. A combination of proper diet, exercise, and possible medication, insulin can be controlled.
For those looking to get pregnant, medication to stimulate ovulation is an option, along with in vitro fertilization and even surgery.
Talk to your doctor and explore the options available to you.