Neonatal Fellow – Pediatrician who specializes in newborn intensive care and sick newborn infants
Neonate – The term used for a newborn infant
Nevus – Pigmented lesion of the skin. Commonly referred to as a mole
Non-Stress Test – An external monitor that tracks the baby’s fetal heart rate
Nuchal Folds Test – An ultrasound used to identify a higher risk of Down syndrome
Obstetrician –Gynocologist – A specialist associated with women’s reproductive system.
Occipitofrontal Circumference – Measurement of the infant’s head, used to record growth
Oligohydramnios – Below average amount of amniotic fluid
Omega 3 Fatty Acid – Essential unsaturated fatty acids that are not synthesized by the body but are needed for normal metabolism
Oxytocin – Hormone used to stimulate contractions during labor. It is secreted by the pituitary gland
Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling – Blood sample taken from the umbilical cord while the fetus is still in the uterus. Used to test for blood disorders and chromosome analysis
Placenta Accreta – Deep growth of the placenta in the uterus, which causes severe uterine bleeding after delivery. It prevents normal placental separation.
Post partum – Period after childbirth and delivery
Preeclampsia – A condition of hypertension, albuminuria and edema.
Preterm Labor – Labor begins prior to 37 weeks
Quad Screen – A blood test that determines if the fetus is at risk of neural tube defects
Quadruplets – A multiple birth consisting of four babies
Quickening – Early movements of the fetus. Usually seen between 16-18 weeks