Natural Childbirth – Giving birth without any pain medication

Neonatal Fellow – Pediatrician who specializes in newborn intensive care and sick newborn infants

Neonate – The term used for a newborn infant

Nevus – Pigmented lesion of the skin. Commonly referred to as a mole

Non-Stress Test – An external monitor that tracks the baby’s fetal heart rate

Nuchal Folds Test – An ultrasound used to identify a higher risk of Down syndrome

Obstetrician –Gynocologist – A specialist associated with women’s reproductive system.

Occipitofrontal Circumference – Measurement of the infant’s head, used to record growth

Oligohydramnios – Below average amount of amniotic fluid

Omega 3 Fatty Acid – Essential unsaturated fatty acids that are not synthesized by the body but are needed for normal metabolism

Oxytocin – Hormone used to stimulate contractions during labor. It is secreted by the pituitary gland

Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling – Blood sample taken from the umbilical cord while the fetus is still in the uterus. Used to test for blood disorders and chromosome analysis

Placenta Accreta – Deep growth of the placenta in the uterus, which causes severe uterine bleeding after delivery. It prevents normal placental separation.

Post partum – Period after childbirth and delivery

Preeclampsia – A condition of hypertension, albuminuria and edema.

Preterm Labor – Labor begins prior to 37 weeks

Quad Screen – A blood test that determines if the fetus is at risk of neural tube defects

Quadruplets – A multiple birth consisting of four babies

Quickening – Early movements of the fetus. Usually seen between 16-18 weeks

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